Continuous Violence Against the Family

It is a crime if a person two or more times within a year intentionally, knowingly or recklessly injures another person who is either a member of their family or in dating relationship with them. The same family member does not have to be involved in all the alleged incidents.

Bodily injury encompasses anything that can be considered “physical pain...or any impairment of physical condition.” For example, scratching, bruising, or causing redness to the skin of another person can be considered bodily injury.

The term “recklessly” refers to unintentional harm, such as being aware of but consciously disregarding a risk. Throwing an object in the direction of another person and hitting them, even if it was unintentional, can be considered assault.

"Family" includes related individuals (including relatives by blood or affinity), including spouses or former spouses, people who are the parents of the same child (without regard to marriage), and foster children and parents—without regard to whether those individuals live together. "Household" means a unit composed of people living together in the same dwelling, without regard to whether they are related to each other. “Dating relationship” means people who are or have been in a continuing relationship of a romantic or intimate nature. Ex-spouses, ex-boyfriends, and ex-girlfriends, as well as current spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends, are considered to be in a “dating relationship.”

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